The Fundamentals of Driving a Car

서울운전연수 Driving a car requires concentration and observation. It also requires keeping your vehicle safe to drive, including checking and replenishing your fuel, fluids, lights, and having an escape route should conditions suddenly change.


Sophisticated software monitors all of this sensory input and makes decisions about how to maneuver the car. A human driver can override this system to take control manually, if needed.


Steering is one of the most fundamental 서울운전연수 skills a new driver must learn. Some learners spend multiple lessons trying to get to grips with this seemingly simple skill and it isn’t until they master it that they are able to progress to higher-speed driving.

Most modern cars have power steering, which means they require only light forces to operate the wheels (though it does still take some practice). The system works by linking a gearbox with a rotary joint connected to the road wheel through a track rod system. Turning the rotary joint moves a pinion in the gearbox, which in turn causes the rack to move from side to side and thus steer the front wheels.

Older vehicles used a screw and nut system, which required considerable friction; the latest systems reduce this by using recirculating ball bearings.

The hand position you start in will depend on your car’s make and model, but the standard is to place your left hand at 10 o’clock on the steering wheel and your right hand at 2 o’clock. This is known as the “ten and two” hand position, and is considered the safest way to hold the wheel. Keeping your hands low also decreases the chance of them being hit by the airbag in an accident. It’s important to only steer when the car is in motion though, as spinning the wheel when stationary can place unnecessary stress on the power steering and leave tyre marks.


Acceleration is a measure of how quickly an object’s velocity changes over time. It’s calculated as an object’s change in velocity divided by its time, or how many 서울운전연수 meters per second an object moves forward or backward over a certain amount of time.

The acceleration of a car depends on how much power is put into the engine and how quickly it can produce torque. When a car is moving in a straight line, its acceleration should be constant. However, if it’s traveling in a curve, the vehicle’s acceleration will be different.

In some cases, the accelerator pedal may not be working properly. This could be caused by a dirty air filter, throttle position sensor, or fuel pump. If the accelerator is not responding correctly, it can cause a loss of power when the vehicle is in gear. If this is happening, it’s important to get the accelerator system checked out by a professional.

It’s always best to accelerate your car smoothly, as this will reduce stress on the engine and allow it to maintain proper weight-balance. It’s also safer for you and other motorists, as sudden acceleration can lead to an accident. While there is no legal limit to the speed at which you can accelerate your vehicle, you will be stopped by police if they believe that your acceleration constitutes careless and inconsiderate driving, or causes alarm, distress or annoyance to other motorists.


The braking system in your car converts kinetic energy into heat energy and allows the car to stop within a short distance. It uses friction between two separate objects to slow the vehicle and can include brakes, skid plates and drag flaps (like on a parachute or airplane).

Friction Brake System

This system uses a series of components that generate friction between a stationary brake pad or shoes and a revolving disc or drum to slow your car. The brake pedal pushes a piston that in turn pushes the master cylinder’s piston, and this causes the pressurized fluid to enter the brake caliper and force the pads against the revolving disk. The friction between the two surfaces reduces the speed of the wheel and stops the vehicle.

When driving down a steep hill, it’s best to allow the engine to work as an additional brake by shifting your car into a lower gear before reaching your destination. This will help reduce the amount of wear on your brakes and also improve fuel efficiency by using less gas.

When driving uphill, try to avoid stomping on the brakes as this will decrease your control of the vehicle. Instead, accelerate until you have reached the desired speed and let the vehicle’s kinetic energy do some of the work. This also allows your brakes to last longer and prevents a hard slam on the brake pedal.


Having the ability to make turns quickly and efficiently is an important skill for any driver. When turning, the driver must be aware of their surroundings and anticipate possible obstacles or hazards. They should always look ahead and scan their mirrors before making a turn, as well as adjusting their speed and steering to compensate for any changing road conditions.

The first step when making a turn is to slow down and signal, if necessary. Then, carefully check for traffic from all directions before shifting into reverse and slowly backing up towards the curb (if applicable). Once they’re almost at the curb, the driver should shift back into forward and steer their car into the lane they want to turn into.

One mistake that many people make when they’re turning is to use too much force on the steering wheel. This can cause the vehicle to veer off course, which can be very dangerous. It’s also important to be conscious of the condition of your tires, as worn or faulty ones can reduce traction and increase the likelihood of skidding.

It’s recommended that drivers use the hand-over-hand method of steering, which gives them maximum control over the car during a turn. It may be awkward at first, but it will become more comfortable over time. If you’re having trouble with this, it might help to practice in a parking lot or somewhere that doesn’t have any traffic.